I am going to talk today about the judiciary system and the Oireachtas. In my previous blog I talked about the formal framework of the Irish state, for more information on this click here.
The judiciary system is made up solely of courts and laws. They are made up of different courts, most importantly the Supreme Court, The High Court and the Central Criminal Court. The Supreme court is the highest authority in the interpretation of the law. The European Court is the highest in any land in Europe. People unhappy with the rulings of the Supreme Court in their country can go to the European Court for a different ruling. The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the government. The Judiciary and the Oireachtas are seperate on the map because law and politics can never be together. The court system goes as follows, District court to the circuit court, circuit court to the high court, high court to the supreme court and then the supreme court to the European court.
The Oireachtas in comparison is made up solely of The Seannad Eireann and Dail Eireann. The power of the Oireachtas is centralised to the Taoiseach and distributed justly by the Taoiseach. Dail Eireann is the lower house of the Oireachtas and it is also the principal chamber. Seannad Eireann is the upper house of the Oireachtas. The power of the Seannad is much weaker then that of the Dail as it can only delay laws with which it disagrees, the Dail has to the power to pass any law it wishes and to nominate and remove the Taoiseach. Both the Dail and the Seannad meet in Leinster House in Dublin.